The Canal du Midi is a French channel which connects the Garonne River to the Mediterranean Sea. Originally named "Royal Canal in Languedoc", the revolutionaries in the renamed "Canal du Midi" in 1789. He is regarded by his contemporaries as the greatest seventeenth of construction sièclenote 1. With the Garonne canal, it is also referred to as "Two seas canal" because it provides a navigable waterway from the Atlantic ocean to the Mediterranean sea.
Strictly speaking, the Canal du Midi means the initially made part of Toulouse to the Mediterranean, the Two-Seas Canal project, the project in question aimed at all connecting several sections of waterways to join the Mediterranean and the Atlantic: first the canal du Midi and the Garonne, more or less navigable between Toulouse and Bordeaux, and the canal de Garonne, built later, and finally the Gironde estuary after Bordeaux.
This is the wheat trade that motivates the construction of the canal. Colbert authorize commencement of work by a royal edict of October 1666. Under the supervision of Pierre-Paul Riquet the hard site from 1666 to 1681, during the reign of Louis XIV. The Canal du Midi is one of the oldest canals of Europe still in operation (the prototype being the channel Briare). The implementation of this work is closely linked to the issue of river transport in modern times. The challenge raised by Pierre-Paul Riquet, was to bring water from the Black Mountain to Naurouze, the highest point of the course.